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What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a long-term skin condition that mainly affects the face. It's more common in women and people with lighter skin, but symptoms can be worse in men. Treatment can help with symptoms.
Check if you have rosacea
The first signs of rosacea include
- redness (blushing) across your nose, cheeks, forehead and chin that comes and goes
- a burning or stinging feeling when using water or skincare products
The redness may be harder to see on darker skin.
As Rosacea becomes worse, the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead can appear red all the time.
Tiny broken blood vessels that do not go away may appear on your skin
You may get small pink or red bumps. Sometimes these become filled with a yellowish liquid.
Other symptoms can include:
- dry skin
- swelling, especially around the eyes
- yellow-orange patches on the skin
- sore eyelids or crusts around roots of eyelashes – this could be blepharitis
- thickened skin, mainly on the nose (usually appears after many years)
It's not known what causes rosacea, but some triggers can make symptoms worse. Common triggers for rosacea include:
- spicy foods
- hot drinks
- aerobic exercise like running
Things you can do to help
Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene and it's not contagious. But there are things you can try to help with symptoms.
If you know that a trigger, for example alcohol or spicy food, makes symptoms worse, try to avoid it as much as possible.
- wear a high SPF sunscreen of at least SPF 30 every day
- try to avoid heat, sunlight or humid conditions if possible
- try to cover your face in cold weather
- use gentle skincare products for sensitive skin
- clean your eyelids at least once a day if you have blepharitis
- take steps to manage stress
- do not drink alcohol
- do not have hot drinks
- do not have too much caffeine (found in tea, coffee and chocolate)
- do not eat cheese
- do not eat spicy food
- do not do too much aerobic exercise, like running